The Antígona Research Group, rights and society with gender perspective (SGR2014-519) was established in 2000 within the Department of Political Science and Public Law at the Autonomous University of Barcelona, based in Catalonia, Spain. Antigona was recognised, in 2005, as a Emergent Research Group (GRE) by AGAUR of the Generalitat of Catalonia, and was distinguished as a Consolidated Research Group (GRC) in 2009 (SGR2009-570) and in 2014 (SGR2014-519).
The main purpose of Antígona is to analyse the development of women’s rights with gender perspective. The legislation and public policies in Spain are being built upon different definitions which are needed to clarify and specify, as well as the characteristics and content of the right of women in our country. Furthermore, it’s necessary to adopt a gender perspective in front of the Law and to do a review of the legal categories that enable show its shortcomings.
Antígona Reserch Group develops the following research lines:
- Sexual harassment and harassment based on sex
- Application of the equal law
- Bioethics and Sexual and Reproductive Rights
- Law and Gender
- Study of masculinities
- Women and Violence: socio-legal aspects
- Women and Access to Justice
- Female genital mutilation and forced marriages
- Gender Equality Policies
- Prostitution and Sex Work
- Criminal Justice System and Gender
- Equality plans for companies and public administrations
For Antígona is key to understand and explain in gender perspective the content, definitions, criteria and parameters from where are building women’s rights in legislation, of the jurisprudence and public policies at the local, community and national level.
In this way, the group’s research is geared specifically to analyze the mechanisms used to create a gender perspective in the legal field, to identify the practices that are generating legal and social spaces, and describe the process of creation and development of the gender public policies in Spain.
In order to achieve these objectives is analyzed, on the one hand, the public policies about gender where there is already a clear development of several practices to create social and legal spaces with gender perspective, as is the case of gender violence. On the other hand, those areas where there is still no clear legal development with a gender perspective, as in the field of health and the environment.
The projects of Antígona have as general aims:
- Deeping in the study of law from the contributions of feminist legal theories.
- Promote and strengthen the debate on the rights of women from a gender perspective and fundamental rights.
- Promote a gender analysis of public policies.
The methodological guidance and research carried out by Antígona has enabled to the group important partnerships with various institutions educational, institutional and associations that develop activities and/or measures connected with the rights of women. Such collaborations include those made with schools both national and foreign, some municipalities, unions and organizations of the civil society. Among others: the Deputation of Barcelona, the Catalan Institute of Women, the Municipality of Barcelona, the Municipality of Terrassa, the CCOO union, the University Autonomous Metropolitan-Azcapotzalco (Mexico City) and the Research Center and Higher Studies in Social Anthropology (CIES, Mexico). Also noteworthy associations like: TAMAIA. Women Against Violence, the Foundation of SURT or Women Lawyers. Among the research groups which have a broad partnership include: Copolis Group. Welfare, community and social control, the Observatory of the Penal System and Human Rights at the University of Barcelona, the Laboratory of Sociology of Law (LSJ), University of Zaragoza, and the Interuniversity Institute for Gender Studies (iiEDG).